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Alfred Bernhard Nobel founder of Nobel prize

In history I have noted that there comes times when outstanding persons are recognized throughout the world for his or her history changing accomplishments, accomplishments that have had a unique affect on mankind. Many could be named such as Albert Einstein who developed the formula Energy Equals Mass times the Speed of Light Squared, Max Planck who developed the Quantum Theory, Guglielmo Marconi who did much work in the field of radio waves, Henry Ford who put America on Wheels, and others.
One who contributed a great deal to mankind and whose work created a means of moving earth that became very useful to the construction and building industries was Alfred Nobel the Swedish inventor, scientist and businessman who invented Dynamite and other explosives. He amassed a large amount of money manufacturing those products.
Alfred Bernhard Nobel was the founder of the Nobel Prizes that are awarded each year for outstanding work in the fields of Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace and Economics. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences gives the awards in physics, chemistry and economics. The Karolinska Institute awards the prize in physiology or medicine. The Swedish Academy awards the prize in literature. The Norwegian Nobel Institute gives the prize for peace. The Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway. The other prizes are presented in Stockholm. Each Nobel Prize winner receives a gold medal, a diploma and prize money.
Nobel was born on October 21, 1833, in Stockholm, Sweden. He was educated in Russia, France and the United States. He was fluent in five languages and had a great interest in literature. Nobel traveled widely, then returned to work in his father’s factory in St. Petersburg, Russia. During his life’s work he received a patent for Dynamite in 1867. Along with that patent he held more than 100 others. In his will, he set up a $9.2 million fund for the Nobel Prizes.
In 1912, American Alexis Carrel received the prize for his work on vascular suture and the transplantation of blood vessels and organs. As of 2015, United States people had won 71 awards in Chemistry, 55 in Economic Sciences, 11 in Literature, 21 awards in Peace, 89 awards in Physics and 100 awards in Physiology or Medicine.Nobel, in his will, wrote that much of his wealth was to be used to give prizes to those who have done their best for humanity in the field of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, and peace.
Nobel died in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896.